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Topaz PYc-10 - History

Topaz PYc-10 - History


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Topaz

(PYc-10: dp. 160, 1. 111'8", b. 18'11"; dr. 7'"
(mean); s. 13 k.; a. 1 3", 2 30-car. mg., 3 act.)

Doromar—a yacht built in 1931 by the Luders Marine Construction Co., Stamford, Conn.—was acquired by the Navy on 14 February 1941 from Mr. W. McCullough; renamed Topuz and designated PYc-10 on 3

March 1941, converted to a coastal patrol yacht by Robert Jacob, Inc.; and placed in commission at New York on 14 July 1941.

Topaz cleared New York on 21 July and headed south. She stopped at Norfolk, Va., from 25 July to 5 August and then continued on to Charleston, S.C., where she arrived on the 7th. Three days later, she steamed on to Miami, whence she departed on the 15th. After a two-day visit to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba the coastal patrol yacht headed for Cristobal in the Canal Zone. She arrived in the Canal Zone on 22 July 1941 and reported for duty to the Commandant, 15th Naval District.

For the next three years, Topaz patrolled the close approaches to the Panama Canal and the coastlines of the Canal Zone. On 12 August 1944, she departed the 15th Naval District and the Canal Zone. After stopping at Guantanamo Bay and Charleston, she reached Philadelphia, Pa., on 31 August 1944. She was placed out of commission there on 27 September and was turned over to the War Shipping Administration for disposal. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 14 October 1944.


Topaz Symbolism

Faceted topaz. Photo by Karen Neoh. Licensed under CC By 2.0.

Topaz’s Golden Touch

Before the 20 th century, all yellow, brown, and orange transparent gems were called topazes. Modern gemology has defined topaz as a distinct gem species, chemically and physically. Although topazes come in many colors — such as rare, natural pinks and reds as well as treated blues and coated varieties —many people still associate these gems with yellow.

An oval-cut, color-coated “azotic” topaz. Photo by humanfeather. Licensed under CC By 3.0.

Most likely due to this yellow color, some believed topaz had the mystical ability to attract gold. In particular, topazes set in gold purportedly did this most adeptly. Apparently, esteem follows wealth, as topaz has been associated with royalty, too.

In the Middle Ages, carved gemstones were believed to be natural wonders possessing special powers. For example, in the 13th century CE work, The Book of Wings, Ragiel writes:

The figure of a falcon, if on a topaz, helps to acquire the goodwill of kings, princes, and magnates.

Romanov topaz signet, 19th century, on display at the Moscow Kremlin Museums. Photo by Shakko. Licensed under CC By-SA 3.0.

Health, Magic, and Topaz Symbolism

If worn on the left arm, some believed a topaz amulet could protect the wearer from dark magic. In addition, this could relieve arthritis pain, improve digestion, aid in weight loss, and attract love. If taken in a potion, some believed it could cure an even wider range of ailments.

St. Hildegard recommended the topaz as a cure for dim vision. After soaking a topaz in wine for three days and nights, rubbing the stone gently on the eyes would help. Perhaps this connection to vision helps explain another popular belief, that topaz could render its wearer invisible.

If kept in the home, some believed a topaz could ward off accidents and fires. If kept under a pillow, it could prevent nightmares.

Astrology and Topaz Symbolism

In Hindu traditions, topaz is associated astrologically with Jupiter. Rings set in astrological sequence as represented by different stones are called the “nine-gem” jewel, Naoratna or Navaratna. Since ancient times, talismans set in the prescribed manner with flawless gemstones were considered very powerful. The gems in this setting are:

    , in the center, for the Sun. , to the East, for Venus. , to the Southeast, for the Moon. , to the South, for Mars.
  • Jacinth, to the Southwest, for Rahu (head of the Dragon, the ascending node, indicating the passage of the Moon on the ascent above this plane). , to the West, for Saturn.
  • Topaz, to the Northwest, for Jupiter. , to the North, for the descending node (tail of the Dragon, the descent of the Moon).
  • Emerald, to the Northeast, for Mercury.

Please note, jacinth now means an orange-red to red-brown zircon. However, ancient descriptions of jacinth’s color range from blue to golden.

The placement of the ascent and descent of the Moon into this setting brings “movement” to this arrangement. Hence, this brings power to the talisman. A very interesting way of looking at jewelry settings, indeed!

Was Topaz One of the Stones of the Breastplate of Aaron?

As mentioned earlier, the term topaz traditionally covered many types of yellow, orange, and brown gems. Some ancient references to topaz also indicate a greenish stone. Although topazes can be green, these sources most likely refer to peridot. Until the 19 th century, both peridots and yellow-green chrysoberyls were known as chrysolites. To add a little more confusion, chrysolite also means “golden stone.”

Thus, the chrysolite of the breastplate of Aaron likely refers to peridot.

Confusion over ancient names of stones and their properties has generated much debate over the identity of these gems. As soon as you list a set of names, you’ve opened a can of worms. Just what stones were actually MEANT by each name?

This mystery will likely never be solved completely. If you wish to duplicate the breastplate setting, you’re better off trying to match the color descriptions of the gems with stones commonly available at that time. Most likely, this is what the ancients did. Ironically, this probably contributed to the confusion over what the ancients meant and what was the “right” setting.


Pre-War service

Topaz cleared New York on 21 July, and headed south. She stopped at Norfolk, Virginia, from 25 July to 5 August, and then continued on to Charleston, South Carolina, where she arrived on 7 August. Three days later, she steamed on to Miami, whence she departed on 15 August. After a two-day visit to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, the coastal patrol yacht headed for Cristobal, Colon, in the Panama Canal Zone. She arrived in the Canal Zone on 22 August 1941, and reported for duty to the Commandant, 15th Naval District.


Topaz Electronic Signature Software

SigPlus Installer >
Download and install SigPlus® software drivers based on your Topaz® electronic signature pad model.


GemView Installers >
Download and install software and drivers for your Topaz GemView® tablet display.

Plug-Ins, Utilities, and Applications

pDoc Signer >
Create, edit, fill-out, and sign forms and PDFs with a biometric signature using your Topaz signature pad or GemView tablet display, without the need for Adobe Acrobat or Reader.


Adobe Acrobat Plug-In >
Sign PDFs using your Topaz signature pad in Adobe Acrobat on PCs and Macs.


Microsoft Office Plug-Ins >
Sign using your Topaz signature pad in MS Office Word documents and Excel spreadsheets on PCs.


pDoc Signer Duo >
Send PDFs from a PC to your Topaz GemView tablet display for signing.

gDoc Signer >
Sign using your Topaz signature pad in Google Docs and Google Sheets. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge browsers.


SigTool Imager Plus >
Create images from electronic signatures.


Adobe Sign Extension >
Sign PDFs in Adobe Sign with your Topaz signature pad. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge (Chromium) browsers.


Ink Thickness Adjust >
Change the ink thickness on your Topaz color signature pad (models T-LBK43LC or T-LBK57GC).


SigPlus Adjust >
Change Topaz pad models, ports, and more in the Topaz SigPlus.ini management file.

Signature Verification Tools

SigCompare >
Visually verify electronic signatures without the need to create or store templates.


SigAnalyze >
Available to forensic document examines with an active signature dispute.

Signature Developer Tools

SigPlus Pro ActiveX >
Widely-applicable ActiveX control for electronic signature integration and development.


SigPlusExtLite Browser SDK >
Recommended Topaz browser SDK for Windows. Use locally or in remote environments. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge browsers.


SigWeb Browser SDK >
Integrate signature capture functionality into a web application. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Edge, and Internet Explorer 11+ browsers.


SigPlusNET Assembly >
Native assembly for the .NET environment that allows for managed .NET applications.


SigPlus Pro Java >
Available as a native Java bean. Mac support available.


SigPlus Pro Tablet >
Create eSignature applications for use with Windows tablets, pen-and-tablet PCs, and Topaz GemView tablet displays.


SigPlus Pro C Object Library >
Includes compiles for Windows, WinCE, Linux, Unix, and Solaris for electronic signature integration and development. Compiles for other operating systems can be created.


pDoc Signature SDKs >
Build applications that capture and embed handwritten signatures in digital signature fields in PDF documents.


SignMeIn >
HIPAA-compatible software solution to front-desk sign-in.


SigPlusLCD ActiveX >
Add interactive LCD functionality to a custom application using your Topaz color signature pad (models T-LBK43LC or T-LBK57GC).

Fingerprint and MSR Developer Tools

SigIDp1 Fingerprint SDK >
Allow for the high-quality imaging of fingerprints and biometric verification.


SigCard1 ActiveX SDK >
Capture swiped magnetic card data from a Topaz MSR signature pad.


SigIDExtLite Browser SDK >
Enroll users and verify using fingerprint biometrics in Windows. Use locally or in remote environments. Supported in Chrome and Firefox browsers.

Desktop Signature Capture SDKs

SigPlus Pro ActiveX >
Widely-applicable ActiveX control for electronic signature integration and development.


SigPlusNET Assembly >
Native assembly for the .NET environment that allows for managed .NET applications.


SigPlus Pro Java >
Available as a native Java bean. Mac support available.


SigPlus Pro Tablet >
Create eSignature applications for use with Windows tablets, pen-and-tablet PCs, and Topaz GemView tablet displays.


SigPlus Pro C Object Library >
Includes compiles for Windows, WinCE, Linux, Unix, and Solaris for electronic signature integration and development. Compiles for other operating systems can be created.


pDoc Signature SDKs >
Build applications that capture and embed handwritten signatures in digital signature fields in PDF documents.


SignMeIn >
HIPAA-compatible software solution to front-desk sign-in.


SigPlusLCD ActiveX >
Add interactive LCD functionality to a custom application using your Topaz color signature pad (models T-LBK43LC or T-LBK57GC).

Signature Verification SDKs
Web Signature Capture SDKs

SigPlusExtLite Browser SDK >
Recommended browser SDK for Windows. Use locally or in remote environments. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge browsers.


SigWeb Browser SDK >
Integrate signature capture functionality into a web application. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Edge, and Internet Explorer 11+ browsers.

Fingerprint SDKs

SigIDp1 Fingerprint SDK >
Allow for the high-quality imaging of fingerprints and biometric verification.


SigIDExtLite Browser SDK >
Enroll users and verify using fingerprint biometrics in Windows. Use locally or in remote environments. Supported in Chrome and Firefox browsers.

Magstripe Reader SDKs
OPOS Driver
PDF Plug-Ins & Apps

pDoc Signer >
Create, edit, fill-out, and sign forms and PDFs with a biometric signature using your Topaz signature pad or GemView tablet display, without the need for Adobe Acrobat or Reader.

Adobe Acrobat Plug-In >
Sign PDFs using your Topaz signature pad in Adobe Acrobat on PCs and Macs.


pDoc Signer Duo >
Send PDFs from a PC to your Topaz GemView tablet display for signing.

Signature Vertification Tools

SigCompare >
Visually verify electronic signatures without the need to create or store templates.


SigAnalyze >
Available to forensic document examines with an active signature dispute.

Adjustment Tools

Ink Thickness Adjust >
Change the ink thickness on your Topaz color signature pad (models T-LBK43LC or T-LBK57GC).


SigPlus Adjust >
Change Topaz pad models, ports, and more in the Topaz SigPlus.ini management file.

Microsoft Plug-Ins
Web Add-Ons & Extensions

SigPlusExtLite Browser Extension >
Capture handwritten signatures for web applications running in the Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and Opera browsers. Supports remote usage.


gDoc Signer >
Sign using your Topaz signature pad in Google Docs and Google Sheets. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge browsers.

Adobe Sign Extension >
Sign PDFs in Adobe Sign with Topaz signature pads. Supported in Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Edge (Chromium) browsers.

Front Desk & OPOS Software

SignMeIn >
HIPAA-compatible software solution to front-desk sign-in.


SigPlus OPOS Driver >
Complete the SigPlus OPOS Driver request form to receive download and installation instructions.

Signature Image Creation Tools

Topaz Systems offers several options for virtualized, remote desktop, RDP, Citrix, terminal services, VDI, and thin client environments. We provide software tools and support for all the leading third-party environments. If you have questions about remote usage, please contact Topaz Dev Support.

Topaz® signature pads are Citrix Ready and have worked with remote environments for many years with thousands of signature pads running Citrix, Topaz has the greatest support for Citrix by a wide margin. This margin is increasing daily.

For customers looking for Topaz signature pads compatible with remote environments and set-up information, see the options below.

Option 1:HSX & BHSX Pads

Topaz HSX™ signature pads offer:

✔ High-performance USB interface
✔ Simpler set-up in USB-redirected client/server applications
✔ Greater speed of operation, without delay or lag
✔ For Remote Desktop, Citrix, and VDI environments


What is the difference between .py and .pyc files? [duplicate]

I have noticed .pyc files spontaneously being generated when some .py file of the same name gets run. What is the difference between .py and .pyc files?

Also, I find that having .pyc files lying around clutters up space. Should one delete .pyc files? Or is there a benefit and/or necessity to having them around?

UPDATE: Here are 2 answered questions that are related to my question

This Question is not a Duplicate

Reason 1: Because I am asking what the difference between these two files are. The question S.Lott found named 'If Python is interpreted, what are .pyc files?' is not asking what the difference between .py and .pyc files are. It is asking what .pyc files are.

Reason 2: Because my secondary questions 'Should one delete .pyc files? Or is there a benefit and/or necessity to having them around?' provide even more information on .pyc files and how one should handle them.

Reason 3: Because when a beginner Python programmer like myself wants to find out What is the difference between .py and .pyc files? , they will have no problem finding out the answer as they will be guided directly to my question. This helps reduce search time since the question is right to the point.


Topaz boats for sale

* This price is based on today's currency conversion rate.

Topaz

Topaz is a yacht builder that currently has 14 yachts for sale on YachtWorld, including 0 new vessels and 14 used yachts, listed by experienced boat and yacht brokers mainly in the following countries: United States and France. Models currently listed on YachtWorld differ in size and length from 28 feet to 39 feet. Premiere models listed have motors up to an exceptional 17,800 horsepower, while shorter, more affordable models for sale may have as low as 248 horsepower engines (although the average motor size across all of our current listings is 740 HP).

Type of yachts by Topaz

This builder offers boat hull types including modified vee and semi-displacement that are generally used for traditional, time-honored endeavors such as overnight cruising, saltwater fishing and day cruising. Topaz equips models listed with inboard drive power options, available with diesel and gas propulsion systems.

Often admired and relied upon for their Sport Fishing, Express Cruiser, Saltwater Fishing and Cruisers, the Topaz boats listed generally have a medium-depth draft and exceptionally wide beam, characteristics that make them popular and ideal for overnight cruising, saltwater fishing and day cruising.

How much do Topaz boats cost?

Topaz boats for sale on YachtWorld are offered at a swath of prices from $9,900 on the lower-cost segment, with costs all the way up to $224,000 for the most luxurious yachts.

What Topaz model is the best?

Some of the most widely-known Topaz models now listed include: 28, 32 Express, 28 Express, 28 Sportfish and 33 Express. Various Topaz models are currently offered for sale by specialized yacht brokers, dealers and brokerages on YachtWorld, with listings ranging from 1975 year models up to 2010.


Topaz Energy Corp. (TPZ.TO)

Topaz Energy Corp. (TSX: TPZ) ("Topaz" or the "Company") is pleased to provide an acquisition activity update and increased 2021 guidance estimates to incorporate the Clearwater and NEBC Montney acquisitions announced May 18, 2021.

Place A Bag On Your Car Mirror When Traveling

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Topaz Energy Corp. Closes Previously Announced Equity Financing Including Exercise in Full of Over-Allotment Option

Topaz Energy Corp. (TSX: TPZ) ("Topaz" or the "Company") is pleased to announce it has completed its previously announced $175.0 million bought deal equity financing ("Equity Financing") whereby Topaz issued 12,281,000 Common Shares at a price of $14.25 per Common Share. In addition, the over-allotment option granted to the underwriters to purchase up to an additional 1,842,150 Common Shares (the "Over-Allotment Option") was exercised in full, generating additional gross proceeds to the Company


Overseeing the design and construction of the Topaz Museum. Board members include: Jane Beckwith, Scott Bassett, Hisashi Bill Sugaya, Rick Okabe, Lorelei Draper, Lance Atkinson, and Teresa Thompson. Steve Koga and Grace Oshita were valued members of the board. Ann Tamaki Dion heads a Friends of Topaz group in the Bay Area.

Although Topaz opened on Sept. 11, 1942, many barracks as well as the schools were not competed until after October. In fact, the Japanese American internees were hired to install the sheetrock and erect the four-foot high barbed wire fence around the site. Since April 1942, internees had been living in Santa Anita and the Tanforan race track in San Bruno, where many were housed in horse stalls — hastily whitewashed, but retaining the grim reminders of the former equine inhabitants. From those temporary quarters the internees were transported by train to Delta, Utah, to begin their lives in Topaz. Over 11,000 people were processed through the camp during its duration. At any one time the population of the camp was about 8300.

Internees arrive at Topaz with only what they could carry.

Two elementary schools, one junior/senior high school, gymnasium, and a hospital constituted the major structures of the camp. Administration buildings, warehouses and government workers’ housing were located in the first few blocks of the forty-two block camp. The remaining blocks were for internee housing and playground areas.

Each block had twelve barracks, a recreation hall, latrines for men and women, and a mess hall. The barracks were sectioned into six areas of different sizes to accommodate families of two, four or more people. Larger families were given two or more rooms.

Living areas were heated by coal stoves, but cooking in the residential area was discouraged. The rooms had no running water. Furniture for the apartments only included army cots, mattresses, and blankets. Some residents constructed tables, chairs, and shelves out of scrap lumber left lying around the camp. The barracks, crudely constructed of pine planks covered with tarpaper as the only insulation and sheetrock on the inside, provided little protection against the extreme weather of the semi-arid climate. The first killing frost was recorded the end of September 1942 and the first snowfall was on October 13. Some of the barracks still had no windows installed at that time. School children took their benches outside to sit in the sun until their classrooms were finished. The winter temperatures in the area typically hover near or below zero, and in the summer soar above the nineties.

Internees were employed at different jobs around the camp such as farming, teaching, cooking, or clerking in various offices. They were paid wages ranging from $14 for secretaries, $16 for teachers, to $19 a month for doctors and other professionals. American soldiers were being paid $21 per month and the War Relocation Authority did not want to exceed that amount for internee wages.

Residents could obtain passes to shop in nearby Delta. Some found employment in the community. One man who worked at the local newspaper was subsequently charged “rent” at camp because he was paid more than the internees who worked inside the barbed wire.

On April 11, 1943, James Wakasa, age 63, was shot and killed by a guard when he was near the southwest section of the fence. After an outcry from the camp population, guarding procedures changed.

Gardens were a means of maintaining some semblance of normalcy.

On January 29, 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that volunteers would be accepted in an all-Japanese American combat unit. At about that time, residents seventeen years of age and older in all the camps were given a questionnaire to determine if they were loyal to the United States. The two-question test became sore points for more than just the first-generation Japanese who were not permitted citizenship in the United States as dictated by legislation. The first controversial question “Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty wherever ordered?” was followed by the second, “Will you swear unqualified allegiance to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign or domestic forces, and foreswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor, to any other foreign government, power or organization?”

Since the Issei, or first-generation Japanese, were denied citizenship in the United States, answering “yes” to the second question could leave them without a country. After a protest by many residents, the questions were altered but damage had been done. Some became “No No boys” by answering “No” to both of the controversial questions. Dissidents from all ten relocation camps who answered “No No” were sent to the camp in Tule Lake, California. Of those qualifying for military service by answering “Yes Yes,” 105 volunteers soon left Topaz for active duty, with more following later.

Camp life at Topaz settled down and residents continued the routine of cultivating gardens, attending classes at school or in the recreation halls, and working. The art school grew with 600 students, taught by artists who had established reputations prior to the war. Residents were encouraged to leave camp and move farther inland. People could go to college or find work as long as they didn’t return to the West Coast.

President Roosevelt announced in 1944 that the camps would close in 1945 and then people could return to their California homes. That same year the Supreme Court ruled against Gordon Hirabayashi, Min Yasui, and Fred Korematsu, but in favor of Mitsuye Endo.

The Topaz camp didn’t close until October 31, 1945. The buildings were then dismantled or were moved to other locations, leaving cindered roads, foundations of the latrines and mess halls, rock gardens, and an episode that sullied the history of American democracy and its Constitution.

In 1976 the Japanese American Citizen League erected a monument near the site of the camp. On August 10, 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed a redress bill into law, issuing an apology to those interned and calling on Congress to budget compensation for the survivors. In 2007 the Topaz site was listed as a National Historic Landmark by the National Park Service. The Topaz Museum opened in 2017 with its interpretive exhibits.

See: Leonard J. Arrington, “The Price of Prejudice” (1962) Miné Okubo, “Citizen 13660,” (1946) Allan Bosworth, “American Concentration Camps” (1967) Roger Daniels, “Concentration Camps USA” Yoshiko Uchida, “Desert Exile” (1982) Michi Weglyn, “Years of Infamy: The Untold story of America’s Concentration Camps” (1976).


Topaz PYc-10 - History

With over 180 years of experience supporting the oil and gas industry we have lived through various oil price cycles. At each turn, we have worked to stay at the forefront of a changing industry by taking strategic actions and pioneering the transition from a vessel owner to an integrated OSV and logistics services provider.

Topaz and P&O Maritime combine into P&O Maritime Logistics

Topaz Energy and Marine is fully acquired by DP World. The deal combines two strong companies, allowing for increased investment both in the fleet and in technology and innocation, to the benefit of current and future stakeholders

Topaz Energy and Marine created its new operating division - Topaz Solutions - to focus our strategic diversification into additional segments of the energy industry

P&O Maritime acquires Reyser

Secured a contract, in consortium with Blue Water Shipping, to supply and operate 20 vessels for the Tengizchevroil JV in Kazakhstan

P&O Maritime awarded management agreement for P&O Ports

Topaz expanded into West Africa with strategic partnerships in Nigeria and Angola

P&O Maritime acquires Repasa

Topaz Marine established its global operations, Topaz Marine Global, and entered the Russian and Nigerian markets

AURORA AUSTRALIS rescues stranded cruise passengers in Antarctica.

Topaz established Turkmenistan operations and entered the Brazilian market

P&O Maritime acquires 70% of the Dos Santos Group Bulk Barging business based in Paraguay

Topaz's marine repair activities commenced in Oman, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan.

DP World acquires P&O and P&O Maritime

Topaz started new manufacturing lines within oil and gas fabrication works and installation such as pressure vessels, process skids and structural works

P&O marked the milennium having divested its P&O Cruises business and streamlined its focus on Ports & Logistics including P&O Ferries and P&O Maritime Services. In 2002 P&O celebrated its long heritage in Australia with a year of activities "150 years young and going strong"

In 1990 P&O Australia amalgamated the activities of Australian Offshore Services, P&O Polar, ship chartering (Anderson Hughes) and agency (Beaufort Shipping) under a new entity P&O Maritime Services headquartered in Melbourne. (But they retained the individual company brands).

Nico established Nico World, an offshore support vessel-owning and operating company.

In 1971 P&O set up a holding company - P&O Maritime Services PNG- and entered the business of barges and transporting ore (?) on Papua New Guinea's river system. 1975 P&O Australia acquired Kwinana Towage Service Operation and 7 vessels employed at Australia's largest Oil Refinery Kiwinana in Western Australia. Increasingly P&O, through its various companies and JVs, provided an array of offshore oil services from platform supply, seismic survey, exploration and crewing.

P&O established P&O Australia in 1966 at the company's impressive, modern offices in the heart of Sydney. The new division brought together P&O's many service businesses in the Asia Pacific region, including stevedoring and ship chartering, agency and brokerage.

At turn of the century P&O invested heavily in modern tonnage including new ever larger and faster passenger liners and purpose-built cargo steamers. P&O also took part in the 1900 International Exhibition in Paris, building an impressive pavilion in which to entertain and inform.

P&O celebrates its first 50 years, a Jubilee shared by Queen Victoria and marked by the launch of four new liners for the Australian service including the patriotically named VICTORIA and BRITANNIA.

The Peninsular Steam Navigation Company is founded when it successfully wins a government contract, to operate a regular mail service, by steamship, between UK and the Iberian Peninsula of Spain and Portugal.

Read more about the rich history of P&O here: www.poheritage.com

P&O Maritime Logistics is a leading provider of marine solutions with focus on offshore energy, port services and logistics to the global energy industry.


GORHAM DATING SYSTEM

When Gorham adopted the sterling standard in 1868, they began a system of year-marks which were stamped into their products to denote the year in which they were made. Starting with A for 1868, letters of the alphabet were used until 1884 (Q). From 1885 until 1933 a different symbol was used each year.
This dating system was used also on silver plate items.

This is a preview of date marks symbols. Click on the images to view the complete series of Gorham year's date marks


Watch the video: BLUE TOPAZ (July 2022).


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