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Che Guevara was a prominent communist figure in the Cuban Revolution who went on to become a guerrilla leader in South America. Executed by the Bolivian army in 1967, he has since been regarded as a martyred hero by generations of leftists worldwide. Guevara’s image remains a prevalent icon of leftist radicalism and anti-imperialism.
The revolutionary leader was born Ernesto Guevara de la Serna on June 14, 1928, in Rosario, Argentina. After completing his medical studies at the University of Buenos Aires, Guevara became politically active first in his native Argentina and then in neighboring Bolivia and Guatemala. In 1955, he met Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro and his brother Raúl while in Mexico.
READ MORE: The Epic Motorcycle Trip That Turned Che Guevara Into a Revolutionary
Guevara became part of Fidel Castro’s efforts to overthrow the Batista government in Cuba. He served as a military advisor to Castro and led guerrilla troops in battles against Batista forces. When Castro took power in 1959, Guevara became in charge of La Cabaña Fortress prison. It is estimated that at least 144 people were executed on Guevara’s extra-judicial orders during this time.
Later, he became president of the Cuban national bank and helped to shift the country’s trade relations from the United States to the Soviet Union. Guevara addressed the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1964, where he also expressed support for the people of Puerto Rico. One year later, he was appointed minister of industry. Guevara left this post in 1965 to export the ideas of Cuba’s revolution to other parts of the world. In 1966, he began to try to incite the people of Bolivia to rebel against their government, but had little success. With only a small guerrilla force to support his efforts, Guevara was captured and killed on October 9, 1967 in La Higuera by the Bolivian army, which had been aided by CIA advisers.
Since his death, Guevara has become a legendary political figure. His name is often equated with rebellion, revolution, and socialism. Others, however, have remembered that he could be ruthless and ordered prisoners executed without trial in Cuba. Guevara’s life continues to be a subject of great public interest and been explored and portrayed in numerous books and films, including The Motorcycle Diaries (2004).
Courtesy of Biography.com.
Che Guevara (1928 - 1967)
Che Guevara © Che Guevara was an Argentinean-born, Cuban revolutionary leader who became a left-wing hero. A photograph of him by Alberto Korda became an iconic image of the 20th century.
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, known as Che Guevara, was born on 14 June 1928 in Rosario, Argentina into a middle-class family. He studied medicine at Buenos Aires University and during this time travelled widely in South and Central America. The widespread poverty and oppression he witnessed, fused with his interest in Marxism, convinced him that the only solution to South and Central America's problems was armed revolution.
In 1954 he went to Mexico and the following year he met Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro. Guevara joined Castro's '26th July Movement' and played a key role in the eventual success of its guerrilla war against Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista.
Castro overthrew Batista in 1959 and took power in Cuba. From 1959-1961, Guevara was president of the National Bank of Cuba, and then minister of industry. In this position, he travelled the world as an ambassador for Cuba. At home, he carried out plans for land redistribution and the nationalisation of industry.
A strong opponent of the United States, he guided the Castro regime towards alignment with the Soviet Union. The Cuban economy faltered as a result of American trade sanctions and unsuccessful reforms. During this difficult time Guevara began to fall out with the other Cuban leaders. He later expressed his desire to spread revolution in other parts of the developing world, and in 1965 Castro announced that Guevara had left Cuba.
Guevara then spent several months in Africa, particularly the Congo, attempting to train rebel forces in guerrilla warfare. His efforts failed and in 1966 he secretly returned to Cuba. From Cuba he travelled to Bolivia to lead forces rebelling against the government of René Barrientos Ortuño. With US assistance, the Bolivian army captured Guevara and his remaining fighters. He was executed on 9 October 1967 in the Bolivian village of La Higuera and his body was buried in a secret location. In 1997 his remains were discovered, exhumed and returned to Cuba, where he was reburied.
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born on June 14, 1928, in Rosario, located in the eastern Argentinean province of Santa Fe. The oldest child in the family, Guevara had four younger brothers and sisters. Both his father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch, a part-Irish civil engineer, and his mother, Celia de la Serna, came from prominent well-to-do families, and both held left-wing political views. As a toddler, Guevara, who was called Tete by his family, began experiencing severe asthma attacks, a condition that plagued him throughout his life. Hoping that an improved climate would help his condition, Guevara's father moved the family to the mountain resort town of Alta Garcia, near C ó rdoba, where Guevara spent his childhood.
Due to his health, as a young child Guevara was schooled at home by his mother, with whom he remained very close throughout his life. Exposed to his mother's radical political views as well as to a family library that contained controversial and leftist works, Guevara developed his political ideology as an outgrowth of his upbringing. He particularly enjoyed the poetry of Spaniard Federico Garc í a Lorca and Chilean Communist Pablo Neruda. He was also influenced by childhood friends whose parents had been killed or exiled during the Spanish Civil War. Later his father claimed that it was at home that Guevara first read the works of Karl Marx and Vladimir I. Lenin.
Guevara attempted to overcome his asthma through strenuous physical activity, and became known as an excellent swimmer and rugby player. He also traveled the countryside on long bicycle trips. Bucking peer pressure and the interests of his friends, as a teen Guevara showed no interest in fashionable clothing or the latest trends and never took up drinking or smoking. At the age of 14 he joined the Partido Uni ó n Democr á tica and participated in street fights against the peronistas, supporters of Argentine dictator Juan Per ó n.
Always a polarizing figure in life, Guevara's enduring image continues to divide people of different ideologies and beliefs. As an archetype, Guevara symbolizes the revolutionary spirit, and if a single photo could communicate that symbolism, it would be "Guerrillero Heroico," which the Cuban newspaper photographer Alberto Korda snapped in 1960 at a state funeral in Havana. The iconic photo, which captures Guevara in his signature beret with an angry yet visionary look in his eyes, is the single most widely distributed image of the man and has become rooted in popular culture.
Italian publisher Giangiacomo Feltrinelli was the first to distribute Che's photograph to the public during efforts to raise awareness about Bolivia's plight in 1967. Upon returning from the war zone where with the revolutionary's diary in hand, he published Che's writings along with the Guerrillero Heroico photograph. He released the publication worldwide after Che was executed, and disseminated a number of posters in Italy bearing the same image. Shortly thereafter, Guerrillero Heroico began to appear at more and more protest rallies in Europe. In 1968, the somewhat stylized image appeared in subways throughout New York City on ads for the Evergreen Review. Guevara was well on his way to becoming a cultural icon.
1 &ndash Retribution against the Former Cuban Regime Was Brutal
In this case, one may try to point out that Batista was a cruel and oppressive ruler and Guevara et al. were just meeting fire with fire. Then there is the fact that revolution almost always comes with bloodshed. During the revolution, for example, Batista&rsquos men rounded up rebels and executed them on the spot. They also murdered and tortured civilians. In this instance, it is hardly a surprise that Castro&rsquos rebels were brutal in their retribution after seizing the capital, but Guevara was involved in some terrible atrocities.
A man meets a firing squad in the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution. Gunfreezone
He was the governor of Santa Clara prison for five months (January to June 1959), and during this time, he reveled in the ensuing bloodshed. Several hundred people were executed during his tenure, but accounts vary as to his role. His supporters suggest that he tried to pardon as many people as he could, but this assertion is in stark reality to what we know about his character. Remember, this is a man who said: &ldquoA revolutionary must become a cold killing machine motivated by pure hate.&rdquo Does this sound like something a man would say if he were intent on pardoning enemies?
The truth is, Guevara enjoyed the ritual of the firing squad and approached his task with the same glee one would have when opening a birthday present. Tradition dictates that one of the rifles used by a firing squad was filled with blanks. However, Guevara insisted that every rifle was filled with live ammunition to ensure each man in the squad knew he was an executioner.
It is true that the people of Cuba were supportive of the executions, but Guevara didn&rsquot even bother to give the accused a fair trial. In his opinion, &ldquojudicial proof was unnecessary&rdquo when it came to executing members of the former regime. In cases where someone survived the firing squad, he would walk up and shoot the person in the head. This leads us to the next point.
5 inconvenient truths about Che Guevara
Five unsavory facts to know about Cuban revolutionary and pop culture icon Che Guevara.
T-shirts featuring Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara have never really gone out of style. Rapper Jay-Z has worn the shirt, model Gisele Bundchen has posed in swimwear featuring Che's face, and even Prince Harry was photographed in Che garb in his younger years.
Multiple Hollywood films glorify the Argentina-born Cuban revolutionary, transforming him over the decades into somewhat of a pop-culture fixture – whose face still symbolizes for many the fight against the supposed capitalist machine, at a time when socialism is picking up renewed popularity in America.
But Guevara's fans might not be aware of just what their idol did and said. Here’s a look back at the history.
Guevara said he killed people without regard to guilt or innocence
In 1962, the official Cuban newspaper Revolución reported that Guevara said, “in times of excessive tension we cannot proceed weakly. At the Sierra Maestra, we executed many people by ﬁring squad without knowing if they were fully guilty. At times, the Revolution cannot stop to conduct much investigation it has the obligation to triumph.”
In his own diaries, Guevara waxed poetic: “I see it printed in the night sky that I . howling like one possessed, will assault the barricades or the trenches, will take my bloodstained weapon and, consumed with fury, slaughter any enemy who falls into my hands.”
He later wrote in one of his diaries about how he shot a peasant who admitted leaking information to the enemy. “He gasped for a little while and was dead,” Guevara wrote. “To execute a human being is something ugly, but [also] exemplary.”
Thousands were killed by the Cuban regime, with many killings linked to Guevara.
“He was directly responsible for at least 124 killings,” Maria Werlau, author of the book “Che Guevara’s Forgotten Victims,” who has spent years documenting the specific people killed at Guevara's orders, told Fox News.
His defenders say he did what was necessary for a revolution.
“Yes, my father killed – but revolutions are almost always violent,” Guevara's daughter, who lives in Cuba, said in a speech in England in 2012.
Guevara created system that put gay people in labor camps
In Guevara’s diaries, he wrote of one man who, “apart from being homosexual and a first-rate bore, had been very nice to us.”
But Guevara's diary quip also spilled into reality.
“The regime that Che Guevara co-founded is the only one in modern history in the Western Hemisphere to have herded gays into forced labor camps,” Humberto Fontova, author of “Exposing the Real Che Guevara,” told Fox News.
1960- Portrait of Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Cuban revolutionary leader, sitting at a desk. (Getty)
Guevara set up Cuba’s first forced labor camp for people viewed by the state as delinquents. One journalist who managed to see such camps reported that inmates worked 60 hours per week, guarded by men with guns, and were paid almost nothing.
Gay people were among many targeted groups. People who had other “decadent” capitalist cultural practices could also be targeted.
“You see all these rock n’ roll bands [praising Che] like Rage Against the Machine and Carlos Santana – folks, they are eulogizing the emblem of a regime that made it a criminal offense to listen their music!” Fontova said.
Guevara opposed a free press
In 1959, leftist journalist José Pardo Llada reported that Guevara told him: “We must eliminate all newspapers we cannot make a revolution with free press. Newspapers are instruments of the oligarchy.”
Fontova says that was in line with Che’s actions.
“When Che Guevara first arrived in Havana, he moved into the biggest, most luxurious mansion in the city. A Cuban journalist, Antonio Llano Montes, wrote about it in 1959. Naturally, Che Guevara's goons paid him a little visit,” Fontova noted.
Montes, recounting the incident from abroad in a 1984 book titled "La Dinastía," reported that Guevara's men took him to Che, who then gave him an ominous show of signing 26 execution approvals in front of him. Montes reported that Guevara then threatened him, saying: "I can have you shot this very night, what do you think?"
Montes wrote that Guevara left it at the threat, however, and the journalist quickly fled the country.
Guevara made racist statements
In Che Guevara’s diary, he wrote of “the blacks” living in Caracas, Venezuela, calling them “those magnificent examples of the African race who have maintained their racial purity thanks to their lack of an affinity with bathing.”
Guevara went on to write: “the black is indolent and a dreamer spending his meager wage on frivolity or drink the European has a tradition of work and saving.”
Fontova says Guevara’s actions – in his revolution against the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista – were worse than his remarks.
“Many of the people Che was sending to the firing squad were members of Batista’s army, and these disproportionately tended to be black and mulatto. Batista himself was mulatto.”
Batista had been considered by many Cubans to be a friend of Cuba’s black minority, and had elevated several to prominent posts in government.
“The lilly-white Che Guevara and Fidel Castro overthrew the mixed-race Batista,” Fontova said.
Guevara also at times, however, called for more blacks to be represented in institutions and had black fighters under his command.
A messiah complex
Guevara’s diaries contain grandiose wording, casting himself as a savior absolving the sins of privilege with bloodshed.
Guevara wrote of a night where, talking to a fellow communist by a lamppost, a vision came to him offering clarity.
“I now knew… that when the great guiding spirit cleaves humanity into two antagonistic halves, I would be with the people,” he wrote.
“I see myself . the great equalizer of individual will, proclaiming the ultimate mea culpa [apology]. I feel my nostrils dilate, savoring the acrid smell of gunpowder and blood, the enemy’s death I steel my body, ready to do battle, and prepare myself to be a sacred space within which the bestial howl of the triumphant proletariat can resound. ” Guevara went on.
“His arrogance – that is one thing that everyone agrees on,” Fontova said.
The parable that “those who live by the sword, die by the sword” also applies to Guevara.
After helping to establish socialism in Cuba, Guevara traveled to other countries to launch more revolts. His last attempt was in Bolivia, where he surrendered to Bolivian soldiers after a battle and was then executed, without a trial, on orders from the Bolivian government.
During the second half of 1953, Ernesto Guevara again travelled, this time through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama and Costa Rica. He arrived in Guatemala at the end of the year, and decided to settle there as the government in power at the time were instigating reforms that Guevara agreed with, and he felt at home and able to use Guatemala as a base to take whatever action he felt would be necessary in becoming a revolutionary.
Ernesto Guevara shortly thereafter was introduced to high-level government officials, and also created links with some Cuban exiles who were involved with Fidel Castro. It was during this time he became known as &lsquoChe&rsquo.
In 1954, the communistic government was overthrown by a CIA backed alternative. Many suspected communists were captured and executed, and land that had been taken under the previous government was returned to its rightful owners.
Ernesto Guevara wanted to fight for the cause, but soon went back to medical duties. His outspoken opinions in support of the previous government were noticed, and he was earmarked for execution. He eventually got safe passage to Mexico.
The actions of the new incoming right-wing government cemented Guevara&rsquos idealisms on Marxism and the need for the struggling Latino population to take up arms against the United States.
When he arrived in Mexico,Ernesto work at a hospital in Mexico City, and also lectured at the National Autonomous University on medicine. He maintained his ties with the Cuban exiles, and this eventually led to him meeting Fidel Castro.
At the time, Castro was plotting to overthrow Batista in Cuba, and Ernesto Guevara decided to join Castro. They were both totally committed to &ldquoanti-imperialism&rdquo and this formed a strong bond between them.
Fidel Castro took control of Cuba in 1959, with Guevara&rsquos help, and Guevara was put in charge of La Cabana prison. It is thought that several hundred people were executed on Guevara&rsquos orders. He was also appointed as president of the national bank and Minister of Industry. Guevara was instrumental in Cuba becoming a communist country.
There are several videos, some from 1964 and some from 2001, showing Guevara speaking on a variety of topics.
In 1964 he travelled to New York to speak at the United Nations. He was head of the Cuban delegation. He criticized the UN for not doing anything about apartheid in South Africa, and he also spoke out against the policy the United States had towards their black population.
The Cuban economy eventually crumbled, and in 1965 Guevara moved to the Congo to train troops in guerrilla warfare, but the revolution failed so he moved back to Cuba.
In 1966 he went to Bolivia to encourage a revolution, and in 1967 he was caught by the Bolivian army and executed.
Along with the video footage archives, Guevara authored around 30 works, most of which weren&rsquot published in English until between 1996 and 2011. One of the best known is his The Motorcycle Diaries which was also turned into a movie.
The Cuban Revolution
Before all that, though, there was the man, an Argentine-born doctor who first arrived on the world stage during the Cuban revolution, when he became a trusted comrade of Fidel and Raúl Castro.
In January 1959, as the revolution ended and President Fulgencio Batista fled, the rebels entered Havana led by Guevara, who was recovering from a broken arm and could not lead the final assault himself, The Times reported.
“The orders to his troops were simple,” the article said. “‘Go in and attack!’”
As the rebels consolidated control, a reporter asked Guevara what he planned to do now. “We are waiting for Fidel,” he said.
In the months and years that followed, Guevara oversaw executions at La Cabaña prison before becoming a top-level economic minister and diplomat, traveling the world to promote Cuba’s ideals.
Che Guevara: The legend of legends
Che Guevara was an Argentine guerrilla leader, physician, author, diplomat, military Marxist revolutionary and more than anything, he was a revolution. He is an inspiration for generations. After his execution by the Bolivian army, he was regarded as a martyred hero for generations of leftists worldwide. The only most powerful thing, than his revolutionary work is the legend of Che, that exists even after decades of his death.
Che was a sheer political fanatic who saw everything in bare black and white. Hence he vociferously expressed his dissent over freedom of religion, speech, press and protests. Very few of the youth wearing the fancy tees of Che, know about him, who supported Cuba’s 1960’s repression .
Birth and Childhood of Che Guevara:
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born on June 14, 1928 in Rosario, Argentina. Che’s father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch, was a civil engineer, who undertook many projects, but could not manage to complete most of them. He was a part time adventurer, an architecture student and got dropped out to enter a small business world.
Che’s parents were cultured and a little bohemian and from them Che inherited the sense of adventure and most significantly passion for books. Che, exhibited his determination from his early childhood.
Che’s parents felt the valor in his child from his very birth and such feelings got doubled by many incidents. Che’s family lived in Caraguatay, Misiones province, where they held a small herb property and hence Che got directly involved with the nature from his early childhood. In may 1930, Che’s sister Celia was born and later in May 1930, after swimming in a nearby river, Che suffered his first asthma crisis, that accommodated him throughout his life.
Che began to participate in chess tournaments by the age of 12, which he learnt playing from his father. Later he developed passion for poetry and became a ferocious reader, with books ranging from literary classics to the works of Freud and hence philosophy. In his teens, he developed his interest in photography and archeology.
In spite of the asthma attacks, Che excelled as an athlete and a scholar. His sister and his parents thought he would die someday for the severe asthma attacks, but such problems never bothered Che at any part of his life.
The Motorcycle Journeys:
Initially, Che started hitchhiking around and later traveled back to Cordoba and to other local areas and later he wanted to travel farther, hence started on a bicycle with motor attached, to learn by inspecting the world around him.
22-year-old Guevara in 1951
Che learnt many things along the journey. While he met many hobos, lepers and hospital patients, Che ended up with a conclusion that there was a great divide, between the rich and the poor.
With the thirst to explore more, when Alberto Granado (Che’s friend) asked Che to accompany him on a motor cycle ride through South America, Che readily accepted the proposal.
On January 4, 1952, 23 year old Che and 29 year old Granado set off to their journey on an old Norton 500cc motorcycle, (which Granado had named La Poderosa II). They traveled through Argentina, Chile, Peru, Columbia and Venezuela in seven months. After some great experiences, the motorcycle broke down and hence the friends had to travel some distance by walking and hitchhiking. When Che visited the interesting ruins of Machu Picchu , he was impressed with the beauty of indigenous culture before European conquest .
Along the journey, Che developed different views on the world, he saw and later such views made him react against the capitalists. When Che returned home on July 31, 1952, he was a different man. He continued his medical studies and graduated in June 1953 and was planning for another life changing journey.
Without any preplanned maps this time, Che travelled to Bolivia, and then to Guatemala for an extended stay, where he met Hilda Gadea, who was an exiled revolutionary from Peru. She was the main reason for the radical thoughts developed in Che. She also introduced Marxism to Che. Meanwhile, Che became an anti-imperialist and almost a committed communist with revolutionary ambitions.
How Ernesto Guevara became “Che Guevara” :
Ernesto Guevara, obtained the nick name of Che from one of the Cuban exiles’ Antonio ‘Nico’Lopez. The word ‘Che’ was added by the Argentineans at the end of sentences as an interjection, meaning “man” or “Hey you!”, which Che often used.
Che, Castro and Cuba:
In late September 1954, Che travelled to Mexico city along with his revolutionary friends, found work there and moved on with Hilda. In 1955, Che met Raul Castro, the brother of Fidel Castro along with his friends and Che proposed for a dinner, while Raul agreed readily. Later both found many qualities common in them.
Che Guevara (left) and Fidel Castro
A couple of weeks later, when Fidel Castro arrived in Mexico city, Che met him and when Fidel Castro offered Che to join his revolutionary movement to overthrow the government of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba, Che accepted it readily.
Meanwhile Che discovered Hilda to be pregnant and married her on August 19, 1955. On February 15,1956, their daughter Hilda, was born. The radical thoughts in Che determined him to go with Fidel Castro, despite having a wife and a family.
On November 25, 1956, Che, Fidel Castro, Raul Castro and other 79 revolutionaries headed to Cuba on a yacht, named Granma. Three days after their arrival, the revolutionaries were ambushed by the Cuban army and Che ran into the forest, with an injury on his neck. The injury on his neck seemed nothing compared to his revolutionary ambitions and hence he survived.
Twenty to thirty revolutionaries survived the attack, regrouped themselves and headed for the attack. By May 1958, Che was second in command of the group and exhibited the qualities of a brave soldier and a great leader.
Castro, with guerrilla tactics, along with Che, captured town after town. Che was remembered for capturing the city of Santa Clara in December, 1958 and by January 1959, Batista, the Cuban dictator, fled from Cuba and hence the Cuban revolution was over.
Later, Che was offered many higher posts like Minister of Industry, Chairman of National Bank in the new Cuban government. He organized and went for many tours around the world including China, to develop Cuba. Che found changing Cuba to be a developed nation was not as easy as he and his ministers thought. Che was not satisfied with his posts and he found himself that he was not happy being a bureaucrat.
In Cuba, Che married Aleida March, whom he met during the campaign at Santa Clara, after obtaining permission from Hilda. Che had four children with Aleida over later years.
Disappearance of Che and the secret mission in Africa:
The radical ideas of Che prevented him from staying in the Cuban government and hence he disappeared from the public life in April 1965, leaving his family and his government posts behind. He spent much of the later part of his life in the Congo to organize a revolutionary force, that could serve as Foco for the Congo.
Che had to withdrew from his attempts, as the leaders there appeared to be interested in political powers for them.
Final Mission in Bolivia:
In July, 1966, Che travelled to Havana in the greatest secrecy to prepare a new mission to Bolivia, consulting Fidel Castro. After travelling across Moscow, Prague and Vienna, Che reached Bolivia via Brazil, on 3 November, 1966.
Che started the initial revolution with Peruvian and Cuban force. He wanted to obtain the help of the local Communists, but couldn’t succeed because of the differences in the opinions with the Bolivia’s Communist party leader. Later Che tried to acquire the support of the peasants, but in vain due to the Government’s propaganda against Che and his rebellions.
Everything was against Che at that movement and the worst happened when the Bolivian government discovered Che’s location in their country, before Che established himself.
By March 1967, Bolivian army captured the revolutionaries and Che’s group splintered and many were captured and killed.
Researches hypothesis say that Che’s mission in Bolivia failed because of the following reasons:
- Che expected to deal with the Bolivian army, who were poorly trained and equipped and was unaware that U.S. government was supporting the Bolivia.
- Che did not receive the expected support from the local peasants and from the communist party.
- Che expected to be in radio contact with Havana, but the faulty short wave transmitters provided by Cuba prevented him to make contact with Guerillas.
Death of Che Guevara:
When Che and his men were facing million problems in the forest, an Indian women revealed the location of Che to the Bolivian army and hence Che, along with three other guerrillas were captured and taken to a small school house in a village called La Higuera. The very next day October 9, a helicopter arrived carrying colonel Joaquin Zenteno Anaya and a United States CIA agent Felix Rodriguez photographed all the pages from the diary found from Che and interviewed him.
When Rodriguez asked Che for any messages for his family, Che replied “Tell Fidel that he will soon see a triumphant revolution in America. And tell my wife to remarry and to try to be happy”.
After orders to kill Che, a Bolivian sergeant, who lost his friends in the fight with the guerrillas volunteered the execution and with instructions shot Che in the neck and the revolutionary heart stopped beating.
Robert Lee Gaston - 10/2/2007
The true history of the horrors that have been inflicted by the current Cuban regime will never be told by the popular media in the United States. There appears to be a romantic notion about these people that facts just will not overcome.
Here are a few other little items that will not be discussed in your college classroom.
a. Cuban political operatives operating in North Vietnam, and their assistance in torturing American prisoners of war.
b. Cuban atrocities in Africa in the 1970’s.
c. Cuban participation in an attempt to destroy the Miskito Indians on the Nicaraguan Atlantic coast. This consisted of a number of Cuban assisted “police” actions that drove native peoples into Honduras. The irony is that the Miskitos later formed one of the primary sources for Contra recruiting. (You really should have seen the look on the news guy’s face when Russell Means announced his support for the contras.)