Wacissa AOG-59 - History

Wacissa AOG-59 - History

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


A river in the state of Florida.

(AOG-59: dp. 4,335 (f.); 1. 310'9"; b. 48'6"- dr 15'8"

s. 14 k.; cpl. 124; a. 4 3", 2 40mm.; cl. P~tap*sco) '

Wacissa (AOG-59) was laid down on 11 November 1944 at Savage, Minn., by Cargill, Inc.; launched on 15 June 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Albert Ford; and completed on 20 May 1946. Declared surplus to Navy needs on 1 June 1946, the ship was authorized for disposal on the 5th. Struck from the Navy list on 23 April 1947, Wacissa was delivered to the Maritime Commission during the following summer and berthed with the Maritime Commission Reserve Fleet at Lake Charles, La. She was then placed on a list of ships slated for disposal via sale.

The Navy, however, requested that the gasoline tanker be taken off the sale list. She was accordingly transferred to the Naval Reserve Fleet berthing area at Orange, Tex., on 3 April 1948. However, as facilities for upkeep and preservation were minimal at Orange, Wacissa was towed to New Orleans, La., for a preservation process which would prepare the ship for retention in the Navy's inactive fleet. Towed back to Orange, Tex., the ship was reinstated on the Navy list on 30 April, inactivated on 2 May, and placed in reserve on the 3d.

The onset of the Korean War caused an expansion of the United States Navy. On 18 February 1952, Wacissa was transferred to the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) and received the designation T-AOG59. She took part in Operation "Sumac," exercises conducted in the North Atlantic from May through July 1952, and subsequently carried cargoes of high test aviation gasoline and lubricating oils to Goose Bay, Labrador, and Argentia, Newfoundland. She ran aground at Polaris Reef, Baffin Bay, on 9 October. Floated free on the 16th, the tanker then put into Halifax, Nova Scotia, for repairs which lasted from 25 October to 19 December. She then resumed her operations along the east coast and continued them into the spring of 1954.

On 25 May 1954, Wacissa was placed out of service, in reserve, and was assigned to the Florida Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet. Berthed at the Mayport Basin of the Green Cove Springs facility, the gasoline tanker remained in reserve until returned to MSTS on 24 May 1956. She carried a cargo of gasoline and oils from
Aruba, Netherlands West Indies, to San Pedro and Long Beach, Calif., via the Panama Canal, and operated for a time off the west coast, stopping at Seattle, Wash., and San Francisco, Calif. She was then, inactivated at the latter port and delivered to the Maritime Administration-the renamed Maritime Commissionand, on 16 October 1956, was delivered to the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, Calif.

Remaining in custodial status from that date, she lay there inactive until 8 April 1957, when she was transferred back to MSTS to resume her lubricant and fuel carrying duties off the west coast. Wacissa was tarnsferred to the Department of the Air Force on 16 September 1957; but, soon thereafter, she was turned over to the Canadian government to operate with the Northern Transportation Co., Ltd-the firm which had assumed responsibility for the annual resupplying of Distant Early Warning (DEW) line radar stations in the central Arctic.

The Canadian government operated the tanker in these northern climes until 1963, when Wacissa was returned to the United States Navy. Struck from the Navy list on 1 December 1963, she was transferred to the Maritime Administration in May 1964 and was then sold in the same month to the Nicolai Joffre Corp., of Beverly Hills, Calif., for scrappini.


(ScStr: t. 190 (gross); 1. 177'; b* 17% dr. 7'3" (mean);
s. 18 k.; cpl. 28; a. 2 6-pdrs., 2 mg.)

Revolution-a steel-hulled, screw steam yacht designed by Charles L. Seabury was completed in 1901, at Morris Heights, N.Y., by the Charles L. Seabury Co. and the Gas Engine and Power Co., for mining engineer F. Augustus Heinze. One of the first American turbine-powered steam "express" yachts, Revolution was 1ater acquired by Boston banker Charles Hayden in 1907 and renamed Wacondah.

When the United States entered World War I on 6 April 1917, the Navy soon began collecting ships and small craft from civilian owners to serve as auxiliaries and patrol craft. Inspected at the 3d Naval District, Wacondah was acquired by the Navy on 24 May 1917. Fitted out for wartime service, Wacondah was commis sioned on 14 September 1917, Lt. (jg.) Samuel "Wainwright, USNRF, in command.

By virtue of her light construction-built for speed rather than sea-keeping Wacondah was restricted to "sheltered waters." Assigned to the 3d Naval District, she operated on local patrol duties out of New York harbor for the duration of the war. Decommissioned and struck from the Navy list on 21 August 1919, Wacondah was sold on 4 June 1920 to the International Steamship and Trading Co.


Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) is founded on the 12 Steps and 12 Traditions, bringing recovery to the online world. “Tradition 1 Our common welfare should come first personal progress for the greatest number … Ещё depends upon unity. Tradition 2 For our group purpose there is but one authority—a loving God as He may express Himself in our group conscience. Our leaders are but trusted servants—they do not govern. Tradition 5 Each Al‑Anon Family Group has but one purpose: to help families of alcoholics. We do this by practicing the Twelve Steps of AA ourselves, by encouraging and understanding our alcoholic relatives, and by welcoming and giving comfort to families of alcoholics.”

Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) - Online Recovery - Anonymity is not possible online. Your location, name and picture is online there for anonymity doesn’t exist. However, it takes place in conjunction with principles above personalities. “Let there be no gossip or criticism of one another.” “Tradition 12 Anonymity is the spiritual foundation of all our Traditions, ever reminding us to place principles above personalities.”

Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) - Facebook: A closed group. “Tradition 3 where the relatives of alcoholics, when gathered together for mutual aid, may call themselves an Al-Anon Family Group, provided that, as a group, they have no other affiliation. The only requirement for membership is that there be a problem of alcoholism in a relative or friend.”

Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) - Recovery Meetings: Are autonomous. Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) supports all online recovery meetings. For WSO registered meetings they have no affiliation with any online recovery Facebook Groups. “Tradition 4 Each group should be autonomous, except in matters affecting another group or Al‑Anon or AA as a whole.” “Tradition 7 Every group ought to be fully self-supporting , declining outside contributions.”

Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) - Trusted Servants: Is a group Al-Anon Online Group (AOG) volunteers. Trusted Servant Positions: Mods/Admin. Sponsorship Connecter, New Comer Greeter, Meeting Directory, Events Coordinator, CAL Literature Poster, Meeting Out Reach, and Public Out Reach. “Tradition 9 Our groups, as such, ought never be organized but we may create service boards or committees directly responsible to those they serve.”

یواس‌اس واسیسا (ای‌اوجی-۵۹)

یواس‌اس واسیسا (ای‌اوجی-۵۹) (به انگلیسی: USS Wacissa (AOG-59) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۳۱۰ فوت ۹ اینچ (۹۴٫۷۲ متر) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۵ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس واسیسا (ای‌اوجی-۵۹)
آب‌اندازی: ۱۱ نوامبر ۱۹۴۴
آغاز کار: ۱۵ ژوئن ۱۹۴۵
تکمیل ساخت: ۲۰ مه ۱۹۴۶
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: ۱٬۸۴۶ long ton (۱٬۸۷۶ تن)
درازا: ۳۱۰ فوت ۹ اینچ (۹۴٫۷۲ متر)
پهنا: ۴۸ فوت ۶ اینچ (۱۴٫۷۸ متر)
آبخور: ۱۵ فوت ۸ اینچ (۴٫۷۸ متر)
سرعت: ۱۴ گره (۱۶ مایل بر ساعت؛ ۲۶ کیلومتر بر ساعت)

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.

NRT Database

The Wacissa is a state-designated paddling trail and a wonderful place to explore for beginning paddlers or families with children. Twelve major springs feed the Wacissa River as it winds its way through 47,622-acres of the Aucilla Wildlife Management Area, attracting boaters, anglers, paddlers, and abundant wildlife to its sparkling waters.

Allowed Uses:

Boating, Motorized
Boating, non-motorized: Canoeing
Boating, non-motorized: Kayaking
Heritage and History
Swimming - Diving/snorkeling
Wildlife Observation

Join a cadre of volunteers to help improve the data on this trail.

Location: Jefferson County in the coastal Big Bend region of north Florida
State(s): Florida
Counties: Jefferson
Longitude: -83.99178
Latitude: 30.33964

Driving Directions

Southeast of Tallahassee with multiple access points from a variety of roads shuttling directions provided in map guide


The Wacissa, a tributary of the Aucilla, is one of the most pristine rivers in Florida. Both of these beautiful rivers are designated State Paddling Trails and are designated “Outstanding Florida Waterways”. Twelve major springs feed the Wacissa as it winds its way through swampy lowlands in the 47,622-acre Aucilla Wildlife Management Area, located in a sparsely populated slice of Florida's Big Bend region. The river is a magnet for wildlife and a recreation hub for swimmers, snorkelers, boaters and anglers. This well-loved river offers rewarding excursions for beginning paddlers or families with children.

The headsprings are located at the Wacissa Springs County Park, a busy spot on weekends. The river may be crowded for the first mile or so down to Blue Springs, a favorite swimming hole. To experience the river's solitude and serenity, plan to visit on a weekday or early or late in the day. A public campground and group camp are available at Goose Pasture, about 10 miles downstream from the headsprings, creating an ideal weekend paddling destination.

The Wacissa supports an impressive array of wildlife, rewarding quiet observers with the chance to spot alligators, turtles, water snakes, wading birds, and river otters. One of the best ways to view the diversity of species found here is to paddle early in the morning or evening. By using binoculars or your camera's zoom lens, you'll be able to safely observe wildlife without disrupting their natural behaviors. As you glide over the clear water, don't forget to peer below the surface to watch a parade of mullet and freshwater fish cruise by. It's easy to see why this area is part of the Great Florida Birding and Wildlife Trail and a world-class destination for wildlife viewing and nature photography.

The limpkin, now absent from many of Florida's rivers because of poor water quality and habitat loss, is still abundant on the Wacissa. Apple snails are this wading bird's main food source and clusters of the snail's pink, pearly eggs cling to aquatic plants and tree trunks along the water's edge. In the spring, zephyr lilies and wild irises brighten the landscape. In late summer, scores of swallow-tailed kites gather in the cypress along the river before their migration to South America for the winter. Dozens of wading birds hunt small fishes and frogs at the water's edge. Eagles, wood ducks, coots and mergansers are commonly spotted in the cool months. Alligators are plentiful all year.

Hunters and anglers are drawn to the beauty and bounty of the Aucilla and Wacissa rivers, continuing a long tradition that dates back almost 12,000 years to a time when the Paleoindians roamed the region, hunting mastodons, saber-toothed tigers and other large mammals. State archeologists have found a treasure trove of prehistoric records in these rivers and along their shores. To honor this long history and preserve it for future study, all artifacts are protected and may not be removed.

The historic man-made Slave Canal was dug during antebellum times in an attempt to join the Wacissa and Aucilla Rivers and create a means of moving cotton to the coast. The Canal venture failed but rocks stacked along the banks provide visitors with a solemn testimony to the past. The canal is almost entirely shaded by massive cypress and hardwood trees, so it offers an ideal outing on a hot summer day. About five miles long, the Slave Canal is a short, but challenging paddle. The experience varies with water levels and the number of downed trees.

After its passage through the Slave Canal, the clear Wacissa waters merge with the Aucilla's “blackwater.” As it makes its final run to the shallow Gulf waters, the Aucilla gradually broadens and shady swamps give way to palm hammocks, salt marsh and open sky. The lower portion of the Aucilla River is an access point for the Big Bend Saltwater Paddling Trail (BBSPT), designated a National Recreation Trail in 2005. The BBSPT offers an unforgettable 105-mile coastal paddling adventure along the Big Bend coastline for experienced sea kayakers with primitive camping skills and comfortable with rugged conditions.

The Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission partnered with the Suwannee River Water Management District to create a map guide for the ‘Rivers of AWE' the Aucilla, Wacissa, and Econfina Rivers, which can be ordered on-line through the Wildlife Foundation of Florida.

From duck hunters to paddlers, the beautiful Wacissa is passionately supported by a variety of user groups. Boy Scouts have volunteered with FWC and state archaeologists to survey prehistoric mound sites while learning about conservation and protection of cultural & historical resources. ‘Friends of the Wacissa' are an advocacy group with diverse membership that promotes protection of the river and surrounding lands.

Additional Details

Primary Surface: Water, moving
Secondary Surface: None
Elevation Low Point: Not Available
Elevation High Point: Not Available
Elevation Gain (cumulative): Not Available

Year Designated:

Supporting Webpages and Documents

Contact Information

For more information and current conditions, contact the trail manager (listed below). For questions, suggestions, and corrections to information listed on the website, contact American Trails.

Park Ranger:
Jerrie Lindsey
Recreation Planner
Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission
620 S. Meridian St, MC5B4
Tallahassee, FL 32399
(850) 410-4951
[email protected]

Trail Management:
Edwin McCook
Land Management Specialist
Suwannee RIver Water Management District
9225 CR 49
Live Oak, FL 32060
[email protected]

Underwater Archeology | Excavating the Wacissa River

Some time ago, possibly about 12,000 years or so, a group of hunters stopped by the Wacissa River and made some tools. They’re not likely to have self-identified as members of the Suwannee culture group, though that’s how archeologists classify them based on the way they crafted their spear points. These paleolithic humans left a mess of bone and rock on what may or may not have been a riverbank at the time. That refuse is of interest to Morgan Smith, a PhD. student at Texas A & M University.

This past June, Morgan led an excavation of a small section of Wacissa riverbank. His is one of several known sites in the Aucilla/ Wacissa watershed that span several thousand years of Florida panhandle prehistory. At his site, Morgan found a handful of larger tools or spear tips, and exponentially more bits of bone and chert that flaked off when the tools were being made. Each little bit was meticulously cataloged. When it comes to understanding the original settlement of Florida, and of the New World, each archeological site is like a chert flake, a piece of a larger puzzle that becomes more and more complete with every excavation. In Jefferson County, where these sites reside, that prehistory is a big deal.

Earlier this month, Monticello hosted the First Floridians | First Americans Conference. Morgan and Dr. Jessi Halligan, who we see helping Morgan in the video above, both spoke at the conference. Morgan’s faculty advisor, and Dr. Halligan’s former advisor, Dr. Michael Waters, gave a keynote presentation on genetic evidence for the identity of the first Americans. The question and answer period after Dr. Waters’ presentation showed that local residents were engaged in the topic, with a fair amount of discussion focused on something called the Solutrean hypothesis (more on that later).

When Morgan displayed his finds for researchers a month after his excavation, he encountered a similar excitement regarding the artifacts and their potential place in the succession of indigenous American cultures. With some pretty old archeological sites located so far from where we believe people had crossed into the Americas, this region is an intriguing part of the big picture. It has a potential to cause us to rethink our theories about the first Americans, and there’s a potential for headline grabbing discoveries to be made by researchers working here. Before we lift the veil on early American settlement, however, rigorous scientific work has to be done.

Writing on mylar paper, Morgan and his colleagues note the exact location of every artifact found. To ensure that sediment was excavated evenly, the team used a laser level. Photos courtesy Ryan Means.

In the Lab | Doing the Little Things

Photo courtesy Ryan Means.

Our video focuses on the fun-looking part of this research: teams of scuba divers, working from a ramshackle camp beside a canopied river, dug for artifacts. They bagged the larger items, and used a floating dredge to vacuum up sediment and filter it through three screens to collect the small bits. They worked and ate under a makeshift tarp tent, and their dogs lied in whatever spot would get them the least muddy. That’s the visually compelling part of this story. But those little bits of bone and chert have their own, much larger story to tell. That story gets written in the lab.

Here’s a look at the process:

  • For any of the high-tech lab procedures to be able to tell Morgan anything, each artifact needs to have had information collected about it on site. You see this in the video. They slowly worked their way from the top of the riverbank, removing chunks of sediment ten centimeters at a time. When they started finding artifacts, they slowed down even more and did five cm increments. Every item dug out from the bank had a sheet attached to it with its exact location in three dimensional space- x, y, and z axis. They weren’t able to be as specific with smallest pieces dredged from the bank, but they logged them within 5 cm of where they were dredged.
  • The larger pieces can tell us something even before they head to the lab. As Morgan

Suwannee base, point broken off.

Sediment was dredged from the riverbank and passed through these screens.

They’re using a few different methods to date their finds. Two items were recently sent off for radio-carbon dating they should have that information shortly. They will be using two different methods to test the soil around the artifacts as well. Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) will determine the last time the sands by each item were exposed to sunlight. This gives them the latest possible dates for each item, before they became buried. Micromorphology looks at how “individual sediment particles interact, allowing us to see what kinds of processes may have affected the artifacts (storms, floods, fires, etc). This is important to understanding how intact the deposit truly is, and whether or not it may be contaminated.”

These techniques are pricey (between $600-700 for OSL and $120 for micromorphology). Morgan is writing a grant to cover the costs.

But is it Pre-Clovis?

When Morgan gets his dating information back, it may confirm the dates associated with Suwannee- about 13,000-12,000 years before present. Or, could it be older?

On the far side of the table, L to R- Guy “Harley” Means, Ryan Means, and Morgan Smith.

In the video, you see a little bit of a gathering held at the Florida Geological Survey. Among of the collected group of researchers were the discoverers of the site, geologist Harley Means and biologist Ryan Means. Also present was former state archeologist Dr. James Dunbar. Morgan presented his finds, and there was a lively discussion about the items found and, in particular, the age of the site.

At some point in the conversation, Harley became animated when talking about the lack of hard dates for paleo-indian sites in Florida. “What we do not have any idea on is- what are Suwannees? What are Simpsons? What are Page-Ladson lancelets?” Suwannee and Simpson are cultural groups represented along the Wacissa and Aucilla Rivers (and in the southeast), and Page-Ladson is an archeological site on the Aucilla that is one of the oldest in the country (recently carbon dated to 14,400 ybp). What he wanted to know, the question he most wanted answered- are any of them pre-Clovis?

In regards to his own site, Morgan didn’t think so. The reason why? The number of points they found. “To me, it would be odd that we would have such a high concentration, when we’re kind of scraping bottom for pre-Clovis elsewhere.”

Clovis is a culture from about 13,200 to 12,900 years ago. Characterized by their Clovis points, evidence of Clovis culture has been found across North America. They’re believed to be the ancestors of most, if not all, modern native groups. And, it’s a culture believed to be entirely unique to North America, not a continuation of cultures carried across the Bering Straits. Archeological sites older than 13,200 ybp are considered pre-Clovis. Pre-Clovis cultures in Florida, such as Page-Ladson, muddy up the timeline of human settlement in the Americas.

One solution to that particular problem is a cross-Atlantic crossing by Europeans- the Solutrean hypothesis. One of its chief proponents was a keynote speaker at the First Floridians Conference, Dr. Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian Institute. Solutrean culture was common in France and Iberia, and had points similar to Clovis. Solutrean points disappeared in Europe almost two-thousand years before Clovis points appeared in the United States. Might there be a connection between the two?

Dr, Michael Waters, Texas A & M University. Michael is Morgan Smith’s advisor, and Jessi Halligan’s former advisor. Dr. Waters and his protege’s have been active in excavating the Aucilla and Wacissa Rivers. “The Aucilla is a gem,” he told an audience at the First Floridians Conference in Monticello.

According to the conference’s other keynote speaker, Dr. Michael Waters, genome mapping of the only found human associated with Clovis culture discredits the Solutrean hypothesis. That individual is known as Anzick-1, a male infant found at a Montana site. That individual is descended from Siberian ancestors and is closely related to all modern native American groups. Other early skeletons have also been analyzed and found to have been of Asian origin.

Does that mean that there couldn’t have been small European populations that whose genetic lineage died off long ago? And, while we’re at it, could Morgan’s site be pre-Clovis? Anything is possible, and any newly discovered paleo-site could cause us to further rethink what we know about the First Americans. In the meantime, Morgan and other archeologists like him have work to do, examining small pieces of bone and chert, and raising money to test their samples.

Is Archeology Equitable?

We shot this video in June, but I knew it wouldn’t air until September at the earliest (and here we are with October winding down). I was excited about this story, however, so I wrote a blog post about it. Looking at the positive response when I shared the post on the WFSU Facebook page, I was pleased. Within a day, though, I was blindsided by a slew of comments on the blog post. Most of those were negatively directed at an individual, some were more generally upset about Florida artifacts being taken away to Texas. What I started taking away from the comments was a general distaste for the laws governing artifacts found in Florida. I contacted a couple of the commenters- Teben Pyles and his father Thornton. Teben is the president of the Tri-State Archeological Society. I interviewed them about the place of amateurs in Archeology watch for that in a couple of weeks. We talk about the potential for increased citizen science (amateurs and PhD’s working together), and where some restrictions could be loosened. Enough people seemed passionately opposed to the current system, and so I felt it was important to present their viewpoint.

Raising Naturalists

Ryan Means holds a paleo tool at a site he discovered with his brother on the Wacissa River. Photo Courtesy Ryan Means.

There’s one more tidbit that I wanted to share from the video above. Also present at the Florida Geological Survey meeting was Ryan and Harley’s father, Dr. Bruce Means. Dr. Means is the president of the Coastal Plains Institute, and a former director of Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy. At one point in the conversation, he mentioned taking Ryan and Harley to the Wacissa as kids, introducing them to the place where they’d one day make their discovery. Being interested as I am in raising kids with nature, I couldn’t resist asking the patriarch of such a well-known family of scientists a little more about these experiences with his kids.

He spoke of diving the Wacissa in the 1970s when conducting research, and bringing the kids along. “By the time Harley was at least six, maybe it was five, I had him on a boat while I was diving” Means recalled, “… and he’s got a famous recollection where I found a Kirk serrated point and I put it in my mask. As I came up- he’s looking over waiting for me to come up, and he gets to see that thing right in the mask. That kind of fired him into [be]coming a geologist, paleontologist, naturalist. Neither of my sons has ever formally become a paleontologist, archeologist, but they certainly are interested in it. Harley’s a geologist, Ryan is a conservation biologist. That means we’re naturalists. We like all aspects of nature.”

Next week on Local Routes, and the WFSU Ecology Blog, I take my four-year-old son Max out on the Apalachicola River for two days of kayaking and camping on RiverTrek. Hearing the impact it had on Dr. Means’ sons to get them out in nature was heartening to me. I don’t expect Max and his brother Xavi to become professional naturalists like Ryan and Harley, but I do think regularly engaging them in outdoor activities will pay off in a positive way.

Come adventure with us in the Red Hills, Apalachicola River and Bay, the Forgotten Coast, and more! Subscribe to the WFSU Ecology Blog by Email.

To prepare for RiverTrek, Max and I participated in a warm up paddle on the upper Apalachicola. On our lunch break, Max wallowed in the mud on Means Creek, named for Dr. Bruce Means.

Wacissa River Park – – to expand or limit access?

Lazaro Aleman
ECB Publishing, Inc.

Nearly four months after county officials awarded a contract to an urban design and environmental planning firm to do a feasibility study of the Wacissa River Park with an idea of expanding its recreational offerings, they recently got to hear the study’s results.
On Thursday evening, May 20, Sand County Studios (SCS), a Georgia-based company, presented the findings of its 13-week study to the Jefferson County Commission.
Making the presentation was SCS founder Jim Sipes, and a staff member identified as Ashley.
The two told the commissioners that the study had entailed an assessment of the park’s current facilities and its other features and uses, as well as its potential for expansion.
As part of the study, the two said, they had conducted a survey of all properties within a two-mile radius of the park to determine each parcel’s suitability for acquisition in order to expand the park’s offerings.
The study found that the park’s value lay in its natural beauty, historical environmental and ecological features, as well as its existing facilities. It also found that the park’s undeveloped areas had potential for improvement. They emphasized, however, that theirs had been only a preliminary assessment. It would require a more thorough and in-depth study to determine the types and kinds of specific developments to pursue.
Commissioner Betsy Barfield commented on the use of the park by people from outside the county, who in fact appear to outnumber the locals on most days.
Sipes agreed that such seemed to be the case.
“It’s a great site with amenities,” he said. “I expect that the pressure (of visitors) has increased yearly and with improvements that pressure will continue to increase.”
He offered that in the future, commissioners might want to limit access, if they wanted to relieve pressure on the park. Limiting access to the park was one way, he said. Another was to charge a fee for entry, he suggested.
The question that commissioners would have to answer eventually, he said, was whether they wanted to limit access or expand the park.
In terms of the park’s expansion, Sipes said the study had identified 503 parcels within a two-mile radius of the park and rated each on a five-point scale that took into account several factors, including the parcel’s acreage, characteristics, just value, proximity to the park, access to the river, suitability for acquisition and opportunities for development.
“Two things we didn’t do,” Sipes said. “We didn’t look at ownership or if it was for sale. We only looked at whether it was private or not, excluding public land.”
Sipes said the study had produced a one-page analysis on each of the 503 parcels, ranking each according to its desirability or suitability for acquisition.
The study, he said, had ranked 13 of the parcels as very high in suitability for acquisition, meaning that they had proximity to the park and/or access to the river.
The study had ranked 21 of the parcels as high in suitability for acquisition because they met the requirement of proximity, he said.
And it had ranked 72 of the parcels as medium in suitability, and so on down the line.
“We suggest that you start with the very high suitability either to enhance the park or increase accessibility to the river,” Sipes said.
He also suggested that the county reach out to the state agencies that were guardians of the surrounding public lands to determine if there was willingness there to help relieve pressure on the park.
County officials approved the feasibility study in January on the recommendation of the Wacissa River Park Committee, which evaluated the two bids received.
The contract award followed officials’ earlier decision to seek professional services in the wake of their failure to close a deal on the purchase of a 40-acre property adjacent to the park that they had long been pursuing in hope of expanding the park grounds and its offerings.
Following the incident, commissioners decided that they no longer wanted to expend their time and that of staff in what could well prove to be fruitless pursuits absent a grand plan.
Officials expect to use the study as a guide to help them in their decision-making when it comes to acquiring additional property for the park and to determine what enhancements to make to the park in the future.

Wacissa AOG-59 - History

A river inlet of Tangier Sound in southeastern Maryland.

(AOG-60: dp. 2,270 (lim.) 1. 220'6" b. 37' dr. 13'1" (lim.) : s. 10 k. cpl. 62 a. 1 3", 2 40mm., 3 20mm. el. Sequatchie T. T1-M-A2)

Manokin (AOG-60) was laid down as Rodessa by ToddGalveston Dry Dock Co., Inc., Galveston, Tex., under Maritime Commission contract 28 June 1943 renamed Manokin 14 December 1943 launched 25 January 1944 sponsored by Mrs. Wilhelmina Clark acquired officially by the Navy from the Maritime Commission 3 October 1944 and commissioned at Houston, Tex., 27 October 1944, Lt. John R. O'Halloran, Jr., USNR, in command.

Following shakedown off Galveston, Tex., from 5 through 10 November, Manokin departed Baytown, Tex., 17 November for Panama, arriving Cristobal the 25th to debark a cargo of diesel oil. Three days later the gasoline tanker steamed for the South Pacific, arriving Bora Bora, Societies, 18 December.

Manokin got underway for New Guinea 19 December. Six days later, in the vicinity of Ata Island just below the Tongas, she passed through miles of floating volcanic ash from a subterranean erruption to the south. The ship stopped in Segundo Channel, Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, from 31 December to 5 January 1945 before continuing on to Hollandia, New Guinea, where she arrived the 14th. Assigned to Commander, Service Force, 7th Fleet, Manokin operated in the Hollandia and Tanahmerah Bay area performing the duties of harbor oiler into April.

On 9 April Manokin departed for the Admiralties, arriving Seeadler Harbor, Manus, 2 days later to embark cargo. She continued replenishment operations off Hollandia, following her return 14 April, until 3 May. After a round trip from Manus to Finschafen, New Guinea, Manokin loaded more petroleum and sailed again for Hollandia 15 May. From 17 May through July, she made fuel runs off New Guinea.

Relieved by Gualala (AOG-28) 9 August, Manokin departed Mios Woendi for the Philippines 11 August. The gasoline tanker was en route when the Japanese capitulated 15 August and arrived Manila 20 August.

Two days later she got underway for Tsingtao, China, via Leyte and San Pedro Bay, Philippines Hagushi, Okinawa and Jinsen, Korea, arriving 11 September for 2 months of service off Korea during the unstable period of Japan's evacuation of Asiatic territory, particularly in China. She do-eked in Hwangpo River, China, from 5 November until departing 13 December for home, arriving San Francisco, Calif., the 23d.

She was decommissioned 27 March at Richmond, Calif. On 1 May Marokin was struck from the Navy list, and was returned to the Maritime Commission 10 September 1946.

Wacissa River Paddling:

In case you’re looking for a longer trip, the Wacissa won’t disappoint there either. There are plenty of longer one-way trips that are also beautiful. For instance, it’s a nine-mile trip down to Goose Pasture which is not only an excellent take-out point, but also has a campground, or continue to the infamous “Slave Canal.” I say “infamous” because it’s not marked, can be challenging to find in the first place, and even once you’ve found it, the trail is not always clear which direction to take. To learn more about the Wacissa River check out the Wacissa River Padding Trail Guide or for an in-depth history and description of both the Wacissa River and the Aucilla River, as well as the “Slave Canal” connecting the two, check out a beautiful Tall Timbers publication here.

If you’re interested in checking out all the gear we use when out paddling, check out our post on “Our Paddling Gear.“

You Might Also Like

Paddling the Chipola River, Calhoun County, Florida

13 Tips to Make the Most of your Trip to Rainbow Springs State Park

  • Appointed: 306 on Monday, July 11, 1955
  • Graduated: 207 on Wednesday, June 3, 1959
  • Commissions:
  • USAF-204
  • US Navy-1
  • US Marine Corps-1
  • Not commissioned-1
  • Graduation Speaker:
  • The Honorable James H. Douglas, Secretary of the Air Force
  • Presented Commissions:
  • General Thomas D. White, Chief of Staff, USAF
  • Presented Diplomas:
  • The Honorable James H. Douglas, Secretary of the Air Force
  • Cadet Wing Commanders:
  • Robert D. Beckel (twice), Dean C. Wood (Spring) Herbert A. Adamson
  • Scholarships:
  • Rhodes Scholar: Bradley C. Hosmer Olmsted Scholars: Richard B. Goetze, Jr., Wayne O. Jefferson, Jr., Edwin J. Montgomery,Jr., Walter E. Schmidt
  • All-Americans (sports):
  • Brock Strom (Football) Robert H. Siteman (Rifle)
  • Class Officers:
  • President: Joseph G. DeSantis Vice-President: James W. Brown III Secretary/Correspondent/Scribe: Edward H. "Ed" Josephson: Charles H. Meier, Jr.

The First Graduating Class.

The Academy side of Class ring shows a traditional American Eagle and a Shield and, perhaps most importantly, the Prop and Wings symbol which was so much a part of USAAF and General Harmon's days as he visualized our school and what it could and should be. We're not sure what role the Prop and Wings plays at USAFA today, but for us it was the link between our class and those who created it.

The Class side a Falcon and the four-pointed star (the Polaris symbol) which carried forward to our yearbook. The number "1" placed in the center of the star for obvious reason. Polaris - the North Star - guidance and destination.

The idea was that the Academy side which 59 created would serve all succeeding classes. The Class side is individual to each class, but the use of the Polaris symbol originated with '59.

Contributions of Graduates:

Bob Beckel becomes the first recipient of the Daedalian Foundation's Orville Wright Achievement Award, presented to the outstanding graduate of each pilot training class (1960).

Henry Canterbury becomes first USAFA graduate to fly with the Thunderbirds (1965).

Robert E. Blake becomes first USAFA graduate to shoot down a MIG (1971).

Robert D. Beckel becomes first graduate to serve as Commandant of Cadets (1981).

Karol Bobko receives Jabara Award for Airmanship (1983).

Bob Beckel receives the Silver Anniversary Award from the National Association of Basketball Coaches. The award recognizes student-athletes who have led distinguished professioinal lives for 25 years after competing their college careers. (1984).

Brock Strom is first USAFA graduate to be named to the National Foorball Foundation's College Hall of Fame (1985),

Hansford Johnson is first USFA graduate to be promoted to four star General (1989)

Bradley Hosmer becomes first graduate to serve as Superintendent of USAFA (1991).

Robert Oaks named USAFA Distinguished Graduate (2002).

Bradley Hosmer named USAFA Distinguished Graduate (2003).

H. T. Johnson named USAFA Distinguished Graduate (2005).

Robert Beckel named USAFA Distinguished Graduate (2006).

Karol Bobko, the first USAFA graduate to fly in space (1983), is inducted into United States Astronaut Hall of Fame (2011).

Dick Trail inducted into Nebraska Aviation Hall of Fame (2015).

David Archino inducted into Delaware Aviation Hall of Fame (2016).

USS -YC-660

USS Catherine Johnson SP - 379 later USS Freight Lighter No. 161, later USS YF - 161, later USS YC - 660, was a freight lighter in commission in the United
USS APc - 1 USS APc - 2 USS APc - 3 USS APc - 4 USS APc - 5 USS APc - 6 USS APc - 7 USS APc - 8 USS APc - 9 USS APc - 10 USS APc - 11 USS APc - 12 USS APc - 13 USS APc - 14 USS APc - 15
Division 1 USS Pennsylvania USS Arizona USS Nevada Battleship Division 2 USS Tennessee USS California USS Oklahoma Battleship Division 4 USS Colorado USS Maryland
USS YMS - 1 USS YMS - 2 USS YMS - 3 USS YMS - 4 USS YMS - 5 USS YMS - 6 USS YMS - 7 USS YMS - 8 USS YMS - 9 USS YMS - 10 USS YMS - 11 USS YMS - 12 USS YMS - 13 USS YMS - 14 USS YMS - 15
USS PC - 786 USS PC - 787 USS PC - 788 USS PC - 789 USS PC - 790 USS PC - 791 USS PC - 792 USS PC - 793 USS PC - 794 USS PC - 795 USS PC - 796 USS PC - 797 USS PC - 798 USS PC - 799
Fuel tanker - 1 of 7 Vehicle cargo ship - 37 of 56 Reserve Fleet ships USS USNS Amphibious assault ship 3 Amphibious transport dock 5 Attack
USS Aroostook 1861 USS Cayuga 1861 USS Chippewa 1861 USS Chocura 1861 USS Huron 1861 USS Itasca 1861 USS Kanawha 1861 USS Katahdin 1861
USS G - 1 SS - 19½ USS G - 2 SS - 27 USS G - 3 SS - 31 USS G - 4 SS - 26 USS G. H. McNeal SP - 312 USS G. L. Brockenborough 1862 USS G. W. Blunt 1861 USS Gabilan
pages. USS D - 1 SS - 17 USS D - 2 SS - 18 USS D - 3 SS - 19 USS Da Nang LHA - 5 USS Dace SS - 247, SSN - 607 USS Dacotah 1859 USS Dade APA - 99 USS Daedalus
USS Enterprise CVN - 65 formerly CVA N - 65, is a decommissioned United States Navy aircraft carrier. She was the first nuclear - powered aircraft carrier

pages. USS A - 1 SS - 2, SP - 1370 USS A - 2 SS - 3 USS A - 3 SS - 4 USS A - 4 SS - 5 USS A - 5 SS - 6 USS A - 6 SS - 7 USS A - 7 SS - 8 USS AA - 1 SS - 52 SF - 1 USS AA - 2
ID - 1840 USS Wachusetts SP - 548 USS Wacissa AOG - 59 T - AOG - 59 USS Wacondah SP - 238 USS Waddell DDG - 24 USS Wadena SP - 158 USS Wadleigh DD - 689 USS Wadsworth
USS John F. Kennedy CV - 67 formerly CVA - 67 is the only ship of her class a variant of the Kitty Hawk class of aircraft carrier and the last conventionally
USS Quail AM - 15, AM - 377 MSF - 377 USS Quaker City 1854 USS Quapaw AT - 110 ATF - 110 USS Quartz IX - 150 USS Quastinet AOG - 39 USS Queen 1863 USS Queen
USS L - 1 SS - 40 USS L - 2 SS - 41 USS L - 3 SS - 42 USS L - 4 SS - 43 USS L - 5 SS - 44 USS L - 6 SS - 45 USS L - 7 SS - 46 USS L - 8 SS - 48 USS L - 9 SS - 49 USS L - 10
USS T - 1 SF - 1 SS - 52, SST - 1 USS T - 2 SF - 2 SS - 60, SST - 2 USS T - 3 SF - 3 SS - 61 USS T. A. Ward 1861 USS T. D. Horner 1859 USS Ta - Kiang 1862 USS Tabberer
LST - 1076 USS Paiute AT - 159 ATF - 159 USS Pakana AT - 108 ATF - 108 USS Palace PYc - 33 YAG - 13 USS Palatka YTB - 801 USS Palau CVE - 122 AKV - 22 USS Palawan
pages. USS M - 1 SS - 47 USS M. J. Scanlon ID - 3513 USS M. M. Davis SP - 314 USS M. W. Chapin 1856 USS Maartensdijk ID - 2497 USS Macabi SS - 375 USS Macaw
SC - 1634 USS S - 1 SS - 105 USS S - 2 SS - 106 USS S - 3 SS - 107 USS S - 4 SS - 109 USS S - 5 SS - 110 USS S - 6 SS - 111 USS S - 7 SS - 112 USS S - 8 SS - 113 USS S - 9 SS - 114
USS I. J. Merritt ID - 3780 USS Ibex 1863, IX - 119 USS Ibis SP - 3051, AM - 134 USS Ice Boat 1861 USS Ice King ID - 3160 USS Icefish SS - 367 USS Ida
206 USS Detroit CL 8 USS Farragut DD 348 USS Goff DD 247 USS Hovey DD 208 USS Hull DD 350 USS Litchfield DD 336 USS Long DD 209 USS Monaghan

Watch the video: Wacissa Part 7: Musings of the Sunken City (May 2022).


  1. Yunis

    I am sorry, it not absolutely approaches me. Perhaps there are still variants?

  2. Tanak

    the state of affairs Entertaining

  3. Milabar

    Said in confidence, my opinion is then evident. Try searching for the answer to your question

  4. Case

    In my opinion you are not right. Let's discuss.

  5. Walfrid

    There are other disadvantages too

Write a message